PMS - The Premenstrual syndrome

On 28th of May, we celebrate Menstrual Hygiene Day in order to raise awareness about menstruation and the importance of good menstrual hygiene management.

In honor of this special day, we dedicate the whole month of May to this important topic, one that occurs naturally in half of the global population.

Last week, we talked about the menstrual cycle, a complex and recurrent process that allows women to conceive (become pregnant).

Today we are going to talk about those feelings and symptoms that we get a few days before our menstruation. You know, when you suddenly feel like crying and eat a whole bucket of ice cream while watching Grey's Anatomy. We know that Grey’s Anatomy is always emotional but in some cases you may feel sensitive because of your PMS. What’s that? Let’s find out!

PMS, or Premenstrual Syndrome is a recurrent affective, physical and behavioral group of symptoms that develop during the luteal phase (one week before menstruation)

of the menstrual cycle and disappear within the first days of menstruation. PMS is a common health problem in women in reproductive age that affects quality of life, economic and social performance.

PMS facts

  • Up to 80% of reproductive-age females present at least on of PMS symptoms, but approx. 40% of them require treatment

  • The symptoms can be from mild to severe, affecting everyday life

  • The cause of this syndrome is not entirely known, but it is believed that the development of these symptoms is connected to changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle and that women who suffer from PMS are more sensitive to the changes in hormone levels

  • Women who experience symptoms of PMS are more prone to experience menopausal symptoms when they reach menopause

PMS Symptoms

  • They can last from a few days to two weeks

  • Symptoms usually get worse 1 week before menstruation and reach their peak 2 days before menstruation begins and disappear before ovulation

  • PMS is represented by physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms

Physical symptoms

  • Tiredness

  • Breast fullness and/or tenderness

  • Headache

  • Weight gain

  • Swelling of the extremities

  • Abdominal bloating

  • Body and muscle pain

  • Nausea