Contraceptive methods. Part I 🤟❤️

Nowadays we live in a world where almost everyone has access to different contraceptive methods. Even though alternative contraceptive measures are being used since the dawn of history, the health care system is constantly working on developing more efficient measures and with less adverse reactions.

In the present, there are over 15 types of contraceptives. But first, let’s talk about the meaning of contraception!

What is contraception?

Contraception stands for methods that prevent pregnancy to occur due to sexual intercourse. Specifically, it refers to vaginal sex between a man and a woman. Regardless of the reasons behind this, humankind should be thankful for the choices they have. Keep sex fun and responsible!

Contraception can be classified into two big categories: hormonal and non-hormonal methods.

Non-hormonal methods act as barriers, by preventing the sperm cells from reaching the eggs, while hormonal methods stop the ovulation process or thicken the cervical mucus making it difficult for the sperm cells to go through the cervix and reach the eggs.


Non-hormonal methods

Condoms

There are external and internal condoms:

External condoms are used by men (outside the penis) and if used correctly, they are 98% effective. External condoms can be made of latex, polyurethane, polysoprene or lambskin (condoms made from lambskin do not protect from STD!).

Internal condoms are used by women (inside the vagina) and if used correctly, they are 95% effective. Internal condoms can be made of polyurethane or nitrile.

When using latex condoms it is advised to use water-based or silicone-based lubricant, as the oil-based lubricant will tear the condom. Also remember: Condoms are one-use only! The condom is the only contraceptive method that prevents STDs! (except those made from lambskin).


External Condom for the penis

Internal condom for the vagina



Diaphragm

The diaphragm is a flexible silicone cup that is inserted into the vagina and covers the cervix. If used correctly, they are 94% effective. It is advised to use it combined with spermicides, increasing the effectiveness to 96%. After having sex, the diaphragm must be kept inside the vagina between 6 and maximum 24 hours. If you have sex again during this period, you need to put a new dose of spermicide in your vagina. After use, the diaphragm can be washed with warm water and soap, air dried and stored